Legislation: Theft Act 1968, s.1
Definition: Dishonest appropriation of property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving the owner of the property.
Explanation: The property stolen must belong to someone, the stealer must intend to steal it and be dishonest in their intention. Dishonesty is a two-part test:
- Were the actions of the defendant dishonest according to the ordinary standards of reasonable and honest people, and;
- If yes, did the defendant know those actions were dishonest according to those standards?
Mode of trial: Either way.
Maximum sentence: Level 5 fine and/or 6 months in the Magistrates’ Court, up to 7 years in the Crown Court.
Theft from a person – pick-pocketing.
Theft from a shop – taking items from a shop without paying.
Theft in breach of trust – an employee stealing from an employer.
CPS guidance can be found here